Beans are legumes ( family Leguminous). Beans are an important economic crop grown mainly for their seed which is rich in protein. Beans are a vegetable, but contain the valuable protein that is often associated with meat. This makes them an ideal alternative to meat for vegetarians or for those who want to limit intake of meat products
Beans as well as the green pods, have a good taste, high calorie, because contain protein and vitamins. Beans are one of the oldest cultivated and one of the newest health foods.The green pods contain sugar, starch and vitamins. The beans seeds contain 20-30% protein, which is presented of the essential amino acids. The digestibility of the beans is close to the meat and fish. The digestibility is about 86% (more than in peas and lentils). The beans contain almost all of the amino acids, so it is named a concentrate of essential amino acids, in particular lysine, a lot of them, which is especially necessary for a young body. The unique combination of fibers, carbohydrates and vital nutrients make beans a premier source of nutrition.
The beans and green pods contain pro vitamin A (carotene), complex vitamins B, B1, C. The vitamin PP is much more than bread. Also contain vitamins B2 and B6, a lot of vitamin B1, which regulate the balance in the body of carbohydrates, fats and water.
The content of calories (336 calories per 100 gram dry beans), beans much more 1.5 times by bread, more 3.5 times by potatoes , and more 5 times by cabbages. Beans is a treasure trove of many minerals and vitamins. In beans about a quarter is the protein, which by its nutritional value is than more many variety meats. Beans contain a lot of iron, potassium, magnesium and others nutrients. In particular beans useful as a food product for people who turned forty-year of his life. Doctors recommend to eating of beans twice a week. Beans protein digested by the human body on the 80%.
Beans is used to make different dishes: soups, stuffing, condiments, side dishes, pies and for diet foods. White varieties of beans are used for soups and color- for main dishes and snacks. A portion of beans can be highly beneficial for health and there are variety of bean dishes that kids might like to indulge in also giving them all the essential nutrients.
Beans are high soluble fiber that helps reduce cholesterol. Beans, with their soluble fiber and low glycemic index, slow the rise in blood sugar after a meal, making beans a great choice for people with diabetes. Beans have also been shown to reduce the risk of breast cancer due to the presence of flavonols, phytonutrients which are found in many plant-based foods including beans.