Peas (Pisum sativum L.) is annual herbaceous plant. It is of the family fabacee. Peas is rich in protein substances. Apart from being very rich in protein, they hold a high nutritional value in the form of vitamins and minerals too. Owing to this, they have been associated with a large number of nutrition benefits.
It rich in carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals, especially nitrogenous substance. Green peas, it’s very tasty used as linings of meat and fish. Without peas is not tasty salads and other appetizers . From pea flour made purées, sauces. Peas is also used as a supplement in different types of bread and sausage. Peas is rich in fiber, vitamin A, iron, zinc, phosphorus, manganese, magnesium, potassium. Peas consumers help reduce the risk of heart disease. Peas help stabilize level of blood sugar. Their fiber, mostly insoluble, aids intestinal motility and may help lower cholesterol. Just one cup of boiled green peas provides over 51% of the required amount of vitamin K, 42% of your daily manganese, 40% of the daily requirement of vitamin C and over ¼ of your body’s daily requirement of vitamin B1. It also contains between 12 to 25 % of the daily requirement for folate, vitamin A, tryptophan, phosphorus, B6, protein, niacin, magnesium, riboflavin, copper, iron, zinc and potassium. This naturally sweet legume is a favorite of both children and adults Peas have lutein, the carotenoid and help to reduce the risk of age-related macular degeneration and cataracts. For those that suffer from gout, the pea is a taste treat that comes with a price.
Peas are a good source of other B Vitamins as well, such as thiamin (vitamin B1), riboflavin (vitamin B2), and niacin (vitamin B3).These help regulate lipid, carbohydrate and protein levels. Peas contain a fair amount of Vitamin C, which is our body’s main antioxidant protection against viruses and diseases, and perhaps even some cancers.
Crop of peas has the following advantages:
– Peas is important as forage crop and used as green fodder, hay, silage, flour concentrated;
– increase soil fertility through nitrogen assimilation in soil free of air;
-is a good precursor for autumn grain;
– containing protein substances (22-28%) and high quality taste is valuable for food;
– for sowing in combination with other cultures.
Peas is a valuable forage crop.Being buried in soil under plowing, plants serves as green manure. The stems and leaves of decompose in a year. As a result nitrogenous substances pass into the soil, as result it increases its fertility.