Red clover (Trifolium pratense) and white clover (Trifolium repens). The clover a cultivated in the areas where is more precipitation falling. The clover belong to the family Fabaceae, and is spread in Europe, Middle Asia, North Africa, and Australia. The red clover is used as feed in the form of green mass, flour vitamin, etc. He is among the most productive forage plant and high the quality with high digestibility coefficient and a high consummation. Green mass from clover is rich in protein, minerals and vitamins. The clover green contain : 3.7% crud protein, 5.5% cellulose and a significant quantity of vitamins C, D, E, K, B1, B2, B3 and carotene. The clover which was harvested in full bloom, contain 14.5% crude protein and 20.4% cellulose. In 100 kg of hay from the red clover with 50% humidity, it contains- 38-42 feeding units and 4,5-5,5 kg digestible protein.
The clover is a plant with numerous medicinal properties. The health benefits of red clover are numerous. It contains the minerals needed by bodily glands, thus frequent use can assist in bringing about hormonal balance. Red clover also helps to sooth the nerves. The health benefits of red clover extend especially to women undergoing menopause – red clover has been used for many years as a remedy for the symptoms of menopause. According to researchers, this effect is due to the is flavones, a form of phytoestrogens (water-soluble plant chemicals which act like estrogens), which are present in red clover. Among the symptoms which can be alleviated include hot flashes and mood swings. The red clover (Trifolium pratense) it contains, in particular bioactive calcium, lecithin, chromium, magnesium, potassium, silicon, vitamins A, E, C, B2 and B3. It is considered to be one of the richest source of flavones.Another of the famous health benefits of red clover is that it is also a known effective liver and blood purifier. In old medical literature, red clover is cited several times as being successfully used to treat several forms of cancer, usually external cancers which are treated both topically and internally
The white clover (Trifolium repens) is a small perennial herbaceous plant. The leaves of the white clover are trifoliate, sometimes of white color or dark. Its flowers are white or pink. Stems, leaves and flowers has properties medicinale. White clover blossoms were used in folk medicine against: gout, rheumatism, leucorrhea. White clover is thought to clean the system, decrease irritation and muscular activity of the gastrointestinal tract. It is also used to decrease the activity of the central nervous system.The white clover can stop the growth of malignant breast cancer cells. In addition, this plant can reduce the risk of lymphatic cancer or ovarian. White clover also has the property to reduce breast inflammation (mastitis) and breast pain. The white clover also has an important role to detoxify the lungs, liver, kidneys and blood. Is a good for relieve bronchial spasms, whooping cough and cough in children. Reduce symptoms diseases such as syphilis, stimulates bile secretion and creates a relaxed muscles.
The white clover play an important role in improving soil quality. The total amount of nitrogen accumulated in the soil through biological fixation by clover in the second year of culture is of 200-300 kg / ha.