Potato (Solanum tuberosum) is herbaceous plant from family solanaceae. The potato was first cultivated in South America between three and seven thousand years ago, though scientists believe they may have grown wild in the region as long as 13,000 years ago. The genetic patterns of potato distribution indicate that the potato probably originated in the mountainous west-central region of the continent. According to Dr. Hector Flores, “the most probable place of origin of potatoes is located between the south of Peru and the northeast of Bolivia. The archaeological remains date from 400bc and have been found on the shores of Lake Titicaca…. There are many expressions of the extended use of the potato in the pre-Inca cultures from the Peruvian Andes, as you can see in the Nazca and Chimu pottery.” The crop diffused from Peru to the rest of the Andes and beyond.
In the Russian Empire, Catherine the Great ordered her subjects to begin cultivating the tuber, but many ignored this order. They were supported in this dissension by the Orthodox Church, which argued that potatoes were suspect because they were not mentioned in the Bible. Potatoes were not widely cultivated in Russia until 1850, when Czar Nicholas I began to enforce Catherine’s order.
Across the Atlantic, the tuber was first introduced to the colonies in the 1620s when the British governor of the Bahamas sent a gift box of Solanum tuberosum to the governor of the colony of Virginia. While they spread throughout the northern colonies in limited quantities, potatoes did not become widely accepted until they received an aristocratic seal of approval from Thomas Jefferson, who served them to guests at the White House. Thereafter, the potato steadily gained in popularity, this popularity being strengthened by a steady stream of Irish immigrants to the new nation.
However actually the potato is recommended by modern medicine for used, because it is good for health, nutritious and energy, allowed for all prone to weight gain. Potato promoting bowel functions, fight ulcer is healing. It contains vitamin B,C, Iron, fiber, magnesium and potassium.
However of the vitamin C, potato is one of the most powerful antioxidants which has a tonic anti-infective, it increases the resistance of blood vessels, helps form red blood cells and regulates blood sugar and cholesterol. Potatoes ensure 12% of the recommended daily fiber and 21% of potassium. The potato is a vegetable rich in vitamins and minerals, contains only 85 calories per 100 grams, which is twice less than other carbohydrate. Potato juice can cure arthritis, hepatitis, constipation, gallstones or hemorrhoids, and potato starch is an excellent anti-inflammatory gastrointestinal diseases. Potato juice is unparalleled in the treatment of gastric ulcers and gastric acidity. It soothes the digestive mucosa and scars. It is an antispasmodic, diuretic, emollient. Potato diet may lower blood pressure without adding weight, according to a recent study.
It should be mentioned that fries in oil are particularly harmful because they contain starch, starch and fat around hot generate strong neurotoxin and carcinogenic substance called acrylamide. The potato is a vegetable but healthy, as mentioned above, just the way we choose to eat a food can become shoddy and even harmful.