The broad bean – Vicia faba (L), is part from family Fabaceae, herbaceous, annual, autogamous, leguminous plant, with therapeutics value, originating from the Mediterranean basin. This vegetable is grown and consumed since the Bronze Age. The broad bean did not go unnoticed even in Rome, to local people even using it to make bread mixed with wheat. The broad bean was appreciated as a food plant even and antiquity by Egyptians, Jews, Greeks. In fact, the great mathematician Pythagoras recommend that his disciples due to of his properties.
The broad bean which a no matured is used in food, contain more protein than green peas and green beans. It contain 32-37% of protein, 50-60% of carbohydrates, 2.2% of fat, also carotene (0.22 mg) and ascorbic acid (33 mg). Are uses also mature broad bean, for soup or stifled. The seeds contain also cellulose, mineral salts of sodium, potassium, phosphorus, calcium, iron, magnesium, small amounts of vitamins A, B, B2, C. The green pastes contain water, proteins, fats, unassisted extractive substances, cellulose, vitamins B, B2, C and have an energy value of 101 kcal per 100 g.
The broad bean look very good with peas, having brown beans with brownish-red. The broad bean can be decortificated and eaten raw, with a little salt, because young beans contain a lot of vitamins A, B, C, which suits any stomach been as sensitive. The broad bean which was dry, after maceration in the water, can be prepare the soups and pizzas, rich in iron and sulfur.
Was discovered of the curative principles of the broad bean and has put him on the list of consumed dried vegetable seeds, after that his place was vertiginously approached of positions of forehead, along with dried peas and beans. Tea of broad bean made to help for gout, even old rheumatism, joint pain, urinary sand or gall bladder. The strains, leaves, flowers and pods have a diuretic and sedative action. Cures with Vicia faba are recommended for the treatment of urinary tract disorders, nephritic colitis, renal lithiasis, inflammation of the prostate, rheumatism. Also are used parts of the plant or the ashes, which get resulting from the burning of the stems and of pods
Broad bean is not pretentious to the soil, but it prefers the wet soil. It grow well on sectors with a south exposure. The broad bean is sown the open field very early, between March 10 and April 10. The seeds begin to germinate at 6 degrees, the plants support of the frosts up to minus 4 degrees. Before sowing the seeds soak for 2 hours (no longer because they can rot), dipping them into the water, because is necessary to soften easily their coating. The broad bean does not have high demands for predecessor plants. The best productions are getting after potatoes, beets, corn or other crop which leave field clean without weeds. It sown in rows of widths with 35-40 cm at depth of 6-7 cm. The care method of broad bean is analogous to that of the bean. On small surfaces for high-caliber plants, are put high stakes to which bind the plants. The low plants do not need to be tied. Harvesting of the broad bean begin about July 1-10, selectively collected every 5-10 days.