The Lathyrus sativus L. is part of the Fabaceae family. The people known it under various names: dinner, dental peas, cicericula, dentisor. It is a precious annual plant, which has a long history of culture. The species Sativus is widely cultivated. Lathyrus sativus is a valuable plant of culture, both using it and as a precursor. Lathyrus sativus is cultivate on about 500 thousand ha the globe. The areas large occupy it crop in India, Spain, Portugal, Near East, North Africa. It is used in human nutrition and animal feeding. Flour from the Lathyrus sativus is used (10%) for tasty bread. The berries are used up to mature, green and mature in the form of garner. It is use in animal feed as a green fodder, a fan, alone or mixed with cereals, and the grains are given as concentrated fodder. The Lathyrus sativus are also used to obtain high-quality glues used in aviation, textile, veneering, etc. The stem is in the muscle, branched, but non-resistant to fall. The leaves par pinnate with two narrow, lance late leaves, end with branched circle. The flowers are of violet color, rarely pink, blue, placed in racemic 2-3.
The fruit are a pod patty with two wings, containing 2-6 seeds, angular or flat, white, yellowish-yellow, variegated. Plant height is from 80-90 cm up to 150 cm. The plant has a pivotal, deep (120-125 cm) root with branches. The roots has nodosities that represent colonies which are filled with nitrogen fixation bacteria. The Lathyrus sativus plants have the capacity to accumulate in soil up to 100 kg of nitrogen from atmosphere. It also serves as a good liver for bee.The bitter Lathyrus sativus contain on average 24.5% protein; 53.5% non-added extractive substances; 2.1% fat; 4.3% cellulose, etc. Straw and chaff have a 7 to 10% protein content, representing a fairly valuable feed. After the protein content exceeds peas, beans and other legumes for beans. From pod of Lathyrus sativus, can obtain casein can be obtained, its quality being close to casein of animal origi The green parts of the plant contain up to 800 mg of the vitamin C, carotene up to 22 mg percent. The plant also contain saponins, bitter substances, a small amount of alkaloids, flavonoids, trace elements: manganese, iron, copper, chromium, etc. The pod of chichling can only be used in the diet after boiling.
As a herb are use the field Lathyrus sativus, the spring lathyrus. The Lathyrus sativus has been studied in pharmacologically and clinically by the Tomsk Institute of Medicine, Russian Federation. The Lathyrus sativus is recommended for use of the healing of chronic bronchitis and against pneumonia. Alcohol-ready with Lathyrus sativus can be used in homeopathy. At the same time, in popular medicine, the Lathyrus sativus is used to fight diarrhea. It is also used the infusion of roots from Lathyrus sativus in the case of insomnia and for heart pain. The secondary effects were not observed.